A steam boiler is described as a closed vessel that holds heated fluid. Normally, water inside the closed compartments is heated under very high temperature and pressure to produce steam. Steam is used in many industrial processes such as running of machines and cleaning services. The boilers are common in factories, steam locomotives, and power plants.
What are the Different types of Steam Boilers?
The industrial steam boilers are of different types and they are classified based on a number of characteristics. These include the type of circulation, type of firing, type of fuel, and arrangement of the vessel. Based on the type of firing, the major types include Natural Circulation Boilers, Zero Circulation Boilers, and Forced Circulation Boilers. Based on the type of firing, the steam boilers include incinerators, Stoker-fired Boilers, Cyclone-fired Boilers, Down Shot-fired Boilers, and Pulverized Coal-fired Boilers. Based on the type of fuel, the steam boilers include Oil-fired Boilers, Multi-fuel Boilers, Biomass-fired Boilers, and Biomass-fired Boilers. Lastly, based on the arrangement of the vessel, the steam boilers include Drum Boilers, Closed Couple, Two Pass, Package Boilers, Top-supported Boilers, and Bottom-supported Boilers.
Why use the Steam Boilers?
Steam boilers are very important in powering machines in most industrial plants. For this reason, steam boiler repair is a common practice in plants where steam is used to power machines. Other than running the turbines, the steam generated from these boilers can be used in the following industrial functions:
What are the Major Components of the Steam Boiler?
- To build construction materials such as moulded bricks.
- In commercial cleaning activities since it’s effective in removing dirt and stains.
- In the beer industries to heat mash and also clean bottles and barrels.
In general, all steam boilers are made of the following key components:
- Burner Unit
- Combustion Chamber
- Control Unit
- Heat Exchanger
Normally, the Burner Unit is where oxygen gas and fuel gets to mix before ignition takes place at the Combustion Chamber. The ignition rate is regulated by the Control Unit and the resulting heat is transferred to the steam vessel by the Heat Exchanger. Damage to any of these parts results in steam boiler repair.
Overall, steam from the industrial boilers is important in running the industrial machines. Proper maintenance of the boilers and servicing is important if you want to get the best service from the vessels. It’s vital to consult a technician often to service and handle repairs pertaining to the vessels.